Background: Negotiating Tracks
Currently there are three key negotiating groups at the UNFCCC: one working group is negotiating further commitments under the Kyoto Protocol after the first commitments expire in 2012 (AWG-KP), another is negotiating for long term cooperative action after 2012 that will include countries and sectors that are not covered by the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-LCA) and a new group, the working group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) is meeting for the first time in May 2012.
The AWGKP is negotiating emissions reductions commitments for Annex 1 (developed country) parties that are party to the Kyoto to take effect after 2012 after the end of the forst commitment period. It will finish its work at CMP8 in Qatar at the end of 2012 at which point Australia will have to decide whether it is going ahead with new commitments, or reverting to its previous refusal to participate in the Protocol.
The AWGLCA is negotiating an outcome on the four pillars of the Bali Action Plan. These are:
- enhanced action on mitigation -- including mitigation by developed countries, nationally appropriate mitigation actions by developing countries, reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries, mitigation of emissions from international shipping and civil aviation.
- enhanced action on adaptation
- enhanced action on the provision of finance to developing countries to fund mitigation and adaptation
- enhanced action on technology transfer to support sustainable development in developing countries.
This work is also nearly concluded, after which all attention will be focused on the urgent work of the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action.